1 Customs requirements concerning cargo and other articles

1.1 Documents required for customs clearance are the documents concerning consignment of goods, the relevant invoices and a customs declaration.
1.1.1 Customs declaration shall be submitted if:
  1. the goods are subject to taxation;
  2. the value of the goods exceeds 1000 euros or the amount of the goods exceeds 1000 kg or;
  3. the goods are subject to restriction on importation or exportation.
1.1.2 Cargo shipments are taxed according to the Estonian Law.
1.2 As regards air cargo simply being transshipped from one flight to another flight at the same airport under customs supervision, no particular documents are required. In the case of cargo being transferred to another international airport in Estonia, the transit procedure must be adhered to.
1.3 No clearance documents are required with respect to goods retained on board an aircraft for on-carriage to a destination outside Estonia.
1.4 Upon exportation, the following documents are required for the customs clearance of shipments to be exported by air:

2 Food and veterinary control

2.1 General

Since 1st May 2004, when Estonia became the member of the European Union, trading with, import and export of food, animals and animal products is regulated with „Food Act”, „Veterinary Supervision over Trade in, Import and Export of Animals and Animal Products Act”, „Infectious Animal Disease Control Act”, „Veterinary Activities Organisation Act” and „Animal Protection Act”, which are consistent with the relevant legislation of the European Union.

Supervision over import, export and trade between the member states of the goods subject to veterinary and food control is exercised by Veterinary and Food Board.

Relevant information as well as application and document forms are published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board (

2.2 Food control

As a general rule, import of foodstuffs to and export of foodstuffs from Estonia may be carried out through border inspection points open to international travel under the State Borders Act. The foodstuffs, which are, under EU legislation adopted under Article 53 (1) (b) of the Regulation No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council subject to inspection in the border inspection point, may be imported only through the border inspection point included in the list provided by the legislation of the European Commission.

In this case, the official of the border inspection point through which the foodstuffs are intended to be imported, must be given at least 24 hours advance notice. In the border inspection points the accompanying documents of the foodstuffs and the conformity of the foodstuffs with the descriptions provided in the documents are checked; if necessary, physical inspection of the foodstuffs is carried out.

In the Regulation No 19 of the Minister of Agriculture of 6th March 2007, the headings and subheadings of the combined nomenclature of goods are provided. The inspection operations carried out on imported foodstuffs of non-animal origin under the nomenclature are subject to payment of state fee in the amount provided in § 212 of the „State Fees Act”.

If there is information, which gives grounds to suspect that the imported foodstuffs do not conform to the requirements or are dangerous, or in case there are any other justified suspicions, the inspection officials of the Tax and Customs Board check the documents accompanying the foodstuffs and inform the Veterinary and Food Board of the results.

2.3 EU harmonised veterinary control

Animals and animal products may be imported to the territory of EU only through the border inspection points at the external border which are approved to check this kind of goods. EU has harmonized the legislation on the procedures of veterinary check of animals and animal products at border inspection points and the rules of veterinary check conducted on imported goods are the same in all the Member States. The procedures of veterinary check are directly related to the hazards deriving from the nature of goods.

Specific list of imported animal products to be subject to controls at border inspection points is established by the Decision No 2007/275 of the European Commission.

2.4 Veterinary control not harmonized in the EU

The procedures for applying, processing and issuing of veterinary certificate or other relevant document for the animals and animal products imported to Estonia, which are not regulated by joint veterinary requirements on import are established by the Directive No 108 of the Director General of the Veterinary and Food Board of 18th February 2005.

To apply for the mentioned documents, a standard format application must be submitted to the Veterinary and Food Board. The application will be processed in the trading, import and export department of the Board in 30 days and a written reply will be sent to the applicant. When processing the application, Veterinary and Food Board ( may require additional information. As the result, a model certificate in Estonian and English (when drafting the model, the epizootic situation in the country or area of origin of the goods, the nature of goods, common practices with regard to the contents and form of the certificate are taken into account) or some other relevant document is issued.

If the import of goods may cause hazards to human or animal health or other circumstances indicating non-compliance with requirements occur, further processing of the application is refused.

2.5 Restrictions

When infectious animal disease subject to international notification, zoonosis or other disease or circumstances endangering human or animal health occur or spread in the country or area of origin of the imported animals or animal products, the Director General of the Veterinary and Food Board have right to immediately suspend the import of animals or animal products from such country or area.

The restrictions shall be published on the website of the Veterinary and Food Board (; the competent supervisory authority of the country concerned shall be informed of the restrictions.

3 Plant Health Inspection on Importation

3.1 General

Since 01 MAY 2004 the conveyance of plants and plant products from third countries into Estonia is regulated under Plant Protection Act. The Agricultural Board executes state and administrative supervision of compliance with plant health requirements for the conveyance of plants, plant products or other objects and requirements for handling harmful pest and their host plants.

Relevant information, the public service standard „Conveyance of plants, plant products or other objects from third countries to Estonia“ of the Agricultural Board and document sample forms are published on the Agricultural Board’s website

3.2 Plant Health Supervision Steps

According to Regulation No 97of the Minister of Agriculture of 24 MAY 2004 certain plants, plant products and other objects which come from third countries are subject to phytosanitary inspection carried out by the Agricultural Board before their release for free circulation.

Conveyance of the consignment containing plant material from third countries to Estonia is permitted only through border inspection points intended for such purpose at the external frontiers of the Community. The list of these border inspection points is established by the Regulation No 3 of the Estonian Government of 06 JAN 2006.

The importer of consignments subject to phytosanitary inspection shall register at the state Plant Health Register.A prior notification in writing about the consignment to be imported must be submitted to the official of the Agricultural Board at a border inspection points at least 24 hours before the product reaches Estonia or, if this is not possible, immediately after loading thereof on a means of transport. Recommended prior notification form can be found on the website of the Agricultural Board

When plants, plant products or other objects are conveyed to Estonia from the third countries, the consignment must be accompanied by phytosanitary certificate issued by the National Plant Protection Organisation (NPPO) of the country of origin, which certifies that plants, plant products or other objects comply with the plant health requirements.

According to the Regulation No 112 of the Minister of Agriculture of 10 JUL 2007 „The procedures for verification of plants, plant products or other objects upon their conveyance from third countries to Estonia“, the official of the Agricultural Board carries out phytosanitary inspection in order to identify the compliance with requirements.

3.3 Restrictions

The list of plants and plant products which importation from third countries is prohibited, is established by Regulation No 94 of the Minister of Agriculture of 24 MAY 2004 "Prohibition of delivery of plant, plant product and other object to Estonia from third countries."

3.4 Simplified Procedure

According to regulation No 95 of the Minister of Agriculture of 20 SEP 2007, pursuant to the simplified procedure and without phytosanitary certificate or marketing purpose, plants, plant products and other objects may be conveyed from third countries to Estonia in small quantities:

  • for personal consumption imported as a part of travellers’ personal luggage;
  • seed and vegetative propagating material for the state Plant Varieties Register in order to conduct the official trials;
  • for personal consumption of foreign diplomatic representations in Estonia;
  • product samples with the total weight not exceeding 10 kg, except seeds and plant propagating material.

Simplified procedure extends to plants and plant products, which are subject to plant health inspection according to Regulation No 97 of the Minister of Agriculture.

4 Requirements for Advance Notification and Applications for Permission

To be developed.